Morocco has been a bridge between the Orient, Africa and Europe since the beginning of time. For centuries, Moroccan patterns have been established in Europe and around the world. We are thrilled with the geometric masterpieces and the many details hidden in the patterns. But where did the orately patterns come from?
Unfortunately, little is known about the first Berbers, who have already settled in the second millennium BC, according to archaeological finds and petroglyphs. However, we know that they were pioneers in the design of exterior and interior decor.
In order to understand the genesis of Moroccan patterns, we have to travel far back to around 700 AD. At that time, Arab-Muslim armies conquered all of eastern North Africa, as well as the North African Mediterranean coast, within 50 years. Some Arab armies reached Morocco as well. After the inhabitants were able to successfully defend themselves first and the Arabs had to cope with some setbacks, the Arabs were finally able to subjugate the Berbers.
But what has that got to do with the genesis of Moroccan patterns? With the Arabs came also the "edict of the Yazid" from the year 721 AD. It was a prohibition of images that explicitly excluded the depiction of humans and animals in sculpture and painting. Islam allowed only God (Allah) alone to possess such creative power. As a result of this ban, Islamic artists were forced to use only ornamentation in their designs, which had a major impact on Moroccan art. A sad story, because the artists were forbidden to unfold completely free.
In retrospect, this ban was the birth of the classic Moroccan pattern. By forbidding to create images of animals and humans, the artists fled into fancy geometric patterns. They created works of art from simple forms and made the best of the prohibition of pictures.